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    Sodium Chloride 0.45% & Dextrose 5% Injection


    Sodium Chloride 0.45% & Dextrose 5% Injection


    250ml / 500ml / 1000ml



    Production Capacity

    1 Million Injection/Month

    5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP solution is sterile and nonpyrogenic. It is a large volume parenteral solution containing dextrose and sodium chloride in water for injection intended for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL of 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP contains dextrose, hydrous 5 g and sodium chloride 0.45 g in water for injection. Electrolytes per 1000 mL: sodium (Na+), 77 mEq; chloride (Cl−) 77 mEq. The osmolarity is 406 mOsmol/L (calc.), which is hypertonic. The caloric value is 170 kcal/L.5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer and is intended only as a single-dose injection. When smaller doses are required, the unused portion should be discarded.

    When administered intravenously, these solutions provide a source of water, carbohydrate and electrolytes. Solutions which provide combinations of hypotonic or isotonic concentrations of dextrose and of sodium chloride are suitable for parenteral maintenance or replacement of water and electrolyte requirements with minimal carbohydrate calories.Solutions containing carbohydrate in the form of dextrose restore blood glucose levels and provide calories.

    Carbohydrate in the form of dextrose may aid in minimizing liver glycogen depletion and exerts a protein-sparing action. Dextrose injected parenterally undergoes oxidation to carbon dioxide and water. Sodium chloride in water dissociates to provide sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl¯) ions. Sodium (Na+) is the principal cation of the extracellular fluid and plays a large part in the therapy of fluid and electrolyte disturbances. Chloride (Cl¯) has an integral role in buffering action when oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange occurs in the red blood cells.

    The distribution and excretion of sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl¯) are largely under the control of the kidney which maintains a balance between intake and output.


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